Upgrade tomcat 9 server wont start (RESOLVED)

Hello All :slight_smile:

My first post, I hope someone can help as run out of ideas :frowning:

We have a customer that discovered our Lucee / Tomcat 9.0.41 install has a vulnerability or two so need to upgrade tomcat.

My working lucee installation has this state:

OS: Ubuntu 20.04
Java Version: Open jdk
Tomcat Version: 9.0.41
Lucee Version: (UPDATE: also tried

I have tried upgrades to tomcat 9.0.48,.54 and .53 by doing the following

sudo systemctl stop lucee_ctl
cd /opt/lucee/tomcat
# backup lib
mv lib lib-working
# wget tomcat... create new lib folder from downloaded lib folder
cp -r new-tomcat/lib .  
# add execute perm to avoid canRead[false] errors
chmod g+x lib/*.jar
sudo systemctl start lucee_ctl

The service doesnt start though:

tail -f -n 50 logs/catalina.out

NOTE: Picked up JDK_JAVA_OPTIONS:  --add-opens=java.base/java.lang=ALL-UNNAMED --add-opens=java.base/java.io=ALL-UNNAMED --add-opens=java.rmi/sun.rmi.transport=ALL-UNNAMED
java.lang.NoSuchMethodError: 'boolean org.apache.tomcat.util.buf.UriUtil.isAbsoluteURI(java.lang.String)'
        at org.apache.catalina.startup.CatalinaBaseConfigurationSource.getResource(CatalinaBaseConfigurationSource.java:84)

We have been trying to get this working off and on for the last 6 months and now it has landed on my lap.

Anyone had this before? Is there more to do for a tomcat upgrade? Do I need to upgrade Lucee as well?

Any help would be super welcome

Thank you


Hi @jvc,

because I need to upgrade my Tomcat too, I just did the upgrade from Apache Tomcat/9.0.40 to (latest version). It’s up in running on my dev environment. I did the following procedure (please excuse that I’m not providing all in terminal command lines here, cause l’m not a command line expert and I like using tunneled GUIs on Ubuntu),

  1. Step: Backup your Tomcat folder /opt/lucee/tomcat to /opt/lucee/tomcat_backup, so you can rollback at sometime if necessary.

  2. Step: download the latest Tomcat (latest as today) with:
    wget https://dlcdn.apache.org/tomcat/tomcat-9/v9.0.54/bin/apache-tomcat-9.0.54.tar.gz

  3. Step: extract the archive with
    $ tar -xvzf apache-tomcat-9.0.54.tar.gz to /home/username/apache-tomcat-9.0.54/

  4. Step: stop Lucee:
    $ sudo /opt/lucee/lucee_ctl stop

  5. Step: copy the files in /home/username/apache-tomcat-9.0.54/lib/ to /opt/lucee/tomcat/lib/ (overwriting old files)

  6. Step: copy the files from /home/username/apache-tomcat-9.0.54/bin/ to /opt/lucee/tomcat/bin/ (overwriting old files). You’ll note that setenv.sh will be left unchanged. Keep that file right there, because it has the starting configuration settings for Tomcat/Lucee created by the Lucee installer. That file is still valid and needed.

  7. Step: Give the user that is running tomcat on your machine “read and execution” permisson for the copied files in /opt/lucee/tomcat/bin/ (execution permission is needed by the shell script files)

  8. Step: Give the user that is running tomcat on your machine read permisson for the copied files in /opt/lucee/tomcat/jar/

  9. Step: Start Lucee/Tomcat with
    $ sudo /opt/lucee/lucee_ctl start

Then watch the catalina logs.

It’s always good to update Lucee to the latest stable release. You can update Lucee from within your Lucee Server Administrator. Also, I always like to backup my Lucee Server Administrators/Lucee Web Administrator settings before doing such upgrades (just to be sure).

Hello @andreas,

Thank you for the super-prompt response! Based on testing so far it worked! All I was missing was the “bin/” folder. The instructions I had didn’t mention bin/ .Thanks a lot :smiley:

And yes I agree is always good to upgrade Lucee, and we normally do, I was just wondering if Lucee had a problem with Tomcat > 9.0.41.

We now have a Lucee@ server to test the apps with.

Thanks again!

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In my case the file ‘/opt/lucee/tomcat/lib/ecj-4.18.jar’ was not overwritten when copying the new *.jar files because it contains a version number in its file name and the new *.jar file has a different version number (‘ecj-4.20.jar’) in its file name .

I think it makes perfect sense to delete the outdated file (for example: ecj-4.18.jar) in the target directory /opt/lucee/tomcat/lib/ to be on the safe side.

Otherwise I would like to say thank you to @andreas for the good Tomcat update description.

Wouldn’t it make sense to include this Tomcat update description in the Lucee documentation?
I think this could be very helpful for many Lucee users in the future.

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This is a very valuable information. Didn’t see that! Thank you very much Knut!

Yes @Knut, I just didn’t had the time for contributing to the Lucee docs lately. I’m going to PR it as a Hacktoberfest 2021 contribution :smiley: soon!

In addition, I would suggest that you also copy the following files into the target directory /opt/lucee/tomcat in order to have the latest information about the new Tomcat version:


That would be great.

What do you think, will this Tomcat update method only work for minor version updates (for example 9.0.48 → 9.0.54) or also for major version updates (for example 8.5.72 → 9.0.54)?

If it could lead to problems with major updates, in my opinion it should be pointed out later in the Lucee documentation.

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I can’t tell for sure Knut. I did various upgrades from 8.0 up to 9.0.x that way and that always worked, and that way is also pretty widespread around the community. But I wouldn’t bet that it will always go well. Such mayor upgrades can always have unpredictable breaking changes. But that steps are the usual way I do it, then after restarting the engine I watch the logs for errors and read/look the offical Tomcat documentation.

Ok I understand. Thank you.

I just saw that there is an Apache Tomcat Migration Guide (Apache Tomcat® - Migration Guide). It certainly doesn’t hurt to take a look at this Migration Guide. :wink:

There is also a practical DIFF viewer in each Migration Guide. This is a very good way of looking at the version differences in the various Tomcat configuration files.

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This is the procedure We follow

  • install tomcat X
  • configure tomcat x
  • install lucee as war
  • update configuration
  • point / code
  • test / deploy