Multiple Lucee websites on Mac


I have got lucee-express- running on a mac with XAMPP. I have created a few virtual hosts with XAMPP in the httpd-vhosts.conf file, changed my hosts file, etc. got everything working. The websites in PHP open fine. But I want to get multiple Lucee websites running as wel. And here is the problem. I read (and I suppose) that in the server.xml file you need to copy the part and change the name and context path to the proper local domain and files. So multiple websites means multiple 's in the server.xml file. This does not seem to work, the Lucee server just don’t start. I get the errors:

Failed to start component [StandardEngine[Catalina].StandardHost[].StandardContext]

SEVERE [main] org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.startInternal A child container failed during start

SEVERE [main] org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.start The required Server component failed to start so Tomcat is unable to start.

WARNING [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoaderBase.clearReferencesThreads The web application [ROOT] appears to have started a thread named [FelixDispatchQueue] but has failed to stop it. This is very likely to create a memory leak.

SEVERE [main] org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol.destroy Failed to destroy end point associated with ProtocolHandler [“http-nio-8888”]

SEVERE [main] org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol.destroy Failed to destroy end point associated with ProtocolHandler [“ajp-nio-8009”]

By the wat 1 works fine.


Hi Dick,

Probably the easiest way to accomplish what you want, is to install mod_cfml:

If you instead just want to fix the config you have in Tomcat, then please post the config file itself (eg. the server.xml)

Kind regards,

Paul Klinkenberg

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
  Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
  contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
  this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
  The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
  (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
  the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at

  Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
  distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
  See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
  limitations under the License.
<!-- Note:  A "Server" is not itself a "Container", so you may not
     define subcomponents such as "Valves" at this level.
     Documentation at /docs/config/server.html
<Server port="8005" shutdown="SHUTDOWN">
  <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.startup.VersionLoggerListener" />
  <!-- Security listener. Documentation at /docs/config/listeners.html
  <Listener className="" />
  <!--APR library loader. Documentation at /docs/apr.html -->
  <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener" SSLEngine="on" />
  <!-- Prevent memory leaks due to use of particular java/javax APIs-->
  <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.core.JreMemoryLeakPreventionListener" />
  <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.mbeans.GlobalResourcesLifecycleListener" />
  <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.core.ThreadLocalLeakPreventionListener" />

  <!-- Global JNDI resources
       Documentation at /docs/jndi-resources-howto.html
    <!-- Editable user database that can also be used by
         UserDatabaseRealm to authenticate users
    <Resource name="UserDatabase" auth="Container"
              description="User database that can be updated and saved"
              pathname="conf/tomcat-users.xml" />

  <!-- A "Service" is a collection of one or more "Connectors" that share
       a single "Container" Note:  A "Service" is not itself a "Container",
       so you may not define subcomponents such as "Valves" at this level.
       Documentation at /docs/config/service.html
  <Service name="Catalina">

    <!--The connectors can use a shared executor, you can define one or more named thread pools-->
    <Executor name="tomcatThreadPool" namePrefix="catalina-exec-"
        maxThreads="150" minSpareThreads="4"/>

    <!-- A "Connector" represents an endpoint by which requests are received
         and responses are returned. Documentation at :
         Java HTTP Connector: /docs/config/http.html (blocking & non-blocking)
         Java AJP  Connector: /docs/config/ajp.html
         APR (HTTP/AJP) Connector: /docs/apr.html
         Define a non-SSL HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8080
    <Connector port="8888" protocol="HTTP/1.1"
               redirectPort="8443" />
    <!-- A "Connector" using the shared thread pool-->
    <Connector executor="tomcatThreadPool"
               port="8080" protocol="HTTP/1.1"
               redirectPort="8443" />
    <!-- Define a SSL HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8443
         This connector uses the NIO implementation that requires the JSSE
         style configuration. When using the APR/native implementation, the
         OpenSSL style configuration is required as described in the APR/native
         documentation -->
    <Connector port="8443" protocol="org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11NioProtocol"
               maxThreads="150" SSLEnabled="true" scheme="https" secure="true"
               clientAuth="false" sslProtocol="TLS" />

    <!-- Define an AJP 1.3 Connector on port 8009 -->
    <Connector port="8009" protocol="AJP/1.3" redirectPort="8443" />

    <!-- An Engine represents the entry point (within Catalina) that processes
         every request.  The Engine implementation for Tomcat stand alone
         analyzes the HTTP headers included with the request, and passes them
         on to the appropriate Host (virtual host).
         Documentation at /docs/config/engine.html -->

    <!-- You should set jvmRoute to support load-balancing via AJP ie :
    <Engine name="Catalina" defaultHost="localhost" jvmRoute="jvm1">
    <Engine name="Catalina" defaultHost="localhost">

      <!--For clustering, please take a look at documentation at:
          /docs/cluster-howto.html  (simple how to)
          /docs/config/cluster.html (reference documentation) -->
      <Cluster className="org.apache.catalina.ha.tcp.SimpleTcpCluster"/>

      <!-- Use the LockOutRealm to prevent attempts to guess user passwords
           via a brute-force attack -->
      <Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.LockOutRealm">
        <!-- This Realm uses the UserDatabase configured in the global JNDI
             resources under the key "UserDatabase".  Any edits
             that are performed against this UserDatabase are immediately
             available for use by the Realm.  -->
        <Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.UserDatabaseRealm"

      <Host name="localhost"  appBase="webapps"
            unpackWARs="true" autoDeploy="true"
            xmlValidation="false" xmlNamespaceAware="false">
      <Host name="" appBase="webapps"
            unpackWARs="true" autoDeploy="true" xmlValidation="false" xmlNamespaceAware="false">
<Context path="" docBase="/Volumes/Macintosh_HD_2/www/repository/mysite" />
 <!--  <Context path="" docBase="/Volumes/Macintosh_HD_2/www/repository//mysite" />  -->
        <!-- SingleSignOn valve, share authentication between web applications
             Documentation at: /docs/config/valve.html -->
        <Valve className="org.apache.catalina.authenticator.SingleSignOn" />

        <!-- Access log processes all example.
             Documentation at: /docs/config/valve.html
             Note: The pattern used is equivalent to using pattern="common" -->


Hi Dick,
Nothing wrong with the server.xml, but did you also create the file $catalina_base/conf/Catalina/ file? That’s where the context-specific xml config should be in.

(Re. the “$catalina_base”: the server.xml is at $catalina_base/conf/server.xml)

The content of the ROOT.xml should contain:

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>

<Context docBase="/sites/" reloadable="true">
   <JarScanner scanClassPath="false" />

The JarScanner part is an extra btw, and makes the context startup 10x faster.

This is all done automatically if you use mod_cfml :wink:

Hi Paul,

Thanks for all the help. So I have to create a folder and an xml file for every domain? I tried mod_cfml but that gave errors as well, downloaded the new XAMPP, should give it a try again. I wanted to reply earlier, but I got an error on this board as well. Errors seem to hunt me these days…